To articulate its research potential, our Centre organises its scientific activity around five main research lines supported by three emerging and transversal tools and technologies.
Biological diversity plays a fundamental role in the capacity of marine ecosystems to maintain and keep the balance and regulate the climate, as well as increase the resilience of ecosystems. Knowledge of the structure and dynamics of primary producer communities, consumers and decomposers, determinant in the processes of storage and flow of materials and energy, is key in the sustainable use of marine ecosystems. A healthy ocean provides ecosystem services such as the production of food and marine bioproducts, among others.
The current increase in the average temperature of the Earth is the result of the human action, through the emission of greenhouse effect gases that alter the natural climate variability. The oceans have had until now a regulatory role in climate through a series of physical, chemical and biological processes that balance natural fluctuations. The pollutant discharges interfere with these processes by altering their natural balance and affecting human health. Policy mitigation and adaptation development scientifically well based is essential for the survival of our planet.
The great value of the resources and habitats of the coast, one of the most productive area of our planet, have caused an intense development of these zones. Human activity related to aquaculture, fishing, agriculture, industry, energy production, maritime transport, tourism, etc. submits the coast regions to a very strong pressure. The sustainable development of these areas requires approaches that reconcile the limits of natural resources and their ecosystems, with the interests of the society; and lead to the implementation of international planning policies supported by the European Union.
The production of energy from fossil fuels is one of the main responsible of the global warming. The development of potential energy from the oceans will play a very important role in the global warming mitigation. To advance on it, it is necessary to solve the current technology and governance problems, and reduce its financing and production costs. Similarly, obtaining important minerals and metals key to humanity is needed to answer the increased demand caused by the new technologies and population growth. Its development offers a peaceful and fair way to sort out the current geopolitical tensions derived from the depletion of land resources.
The sustainable management of marine resources is essential to ensure their survival and contribute to a healthy and safe diet. The need to increase the proportion of food of marine origin, healthier and less costly in energy and environment, cannot be exclusively addressed by fisheries, requiring the development of a biotechnologically advanced aquaculture. Aquaculture is the growing food sector with the fastest production worldwide. The advances in the knowledge of biology, genetics, population dynamics and ecology of exploitable species are the key to ensuring the sustainability of marine resources.
Transversal tools and technologies